Treaty of Amritsar
March 16, 1846
The treaty between the
British Government on the one part and Maharajah Gulab Singh of Jammu on
the other concluded on the part of the British Government by Frederick
Currie, Esq. and Brever-Major Henry Montgomery Lawrence, acting under the
orders of the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, G.C.B., one of her Britannic
Majesty's most Honorable Privy Council, Governor-General of the possessions
of the East India Company, to direct and control all the affairs in the
East Indies and by Maharajah Gulab Singh in person - 1846.
The British Government transfers and makes over for
ever in independent possession to Maharajah Gulab Singh and the heirs male
of his body all the hilly or mountainous country with its dependencies
situated to the eastward of the River Indus and the westward of the River
Ravi including Chamba and excluding Lahul, being part of the territories
ceded to the British Government by the Lahore State according to the provisions
of Article IV of the Treaty of Lahore, dated 9th March, 1846.
The eastern boundary of the tract transferred by
the foregoing article to Maharajah Gulab Singh shall be laid down by the
Commissioners appointed by the British Government and Maharajah Gulab Singh
respectively for that purpose and shall be defined in a separate engagement
In consideration of the transfer made to him and
his heirs by the provisions of the foregoing article Maharajah Gulab Singh
will pay to the British Government the sum of seventy-five lakhs of rupees (Nanukshahee), fifty lakhs to be paid on or before the 1st October of the
current year, A.D., 1846.
The limits of territories of Maharajah Gulab Singh
shall not be at any time changed without concurrence of the British Government.
Maharajah Gulab Singh will refer to the arbitration
of the British Government any disputes or question that may arise between
himself and the Government of Lahore or any other neighboring State, and
will abide by the decision of the British Government.
Maharajah Gulab Singh engages for himself and heirs
to join, with the whole of his Military Forces, the British troops when
employed within the hills or in the territories adjoining his possessions.
Maharajah Gulab Singh engages never to take to retain
in his service any British subject nor the subject of any European or American
State without the consent of the British Government.
Maharajah Gulab Singh engages to respect in regard
to the territory transferred to him, the provisions of Articles V, VI and
VII of the separate Engagement between the British Government and the Lahore
Durbar, dated 11th March, 1846.
The British Government will give its aid to Maharajah
Gulab Singh in protecting his territories from external enemies.
Maharajah Gulab Singh acknowledges the supremacy
of the British Government and will in token of such supremacy present annually
to the British Government one horse, twelve shawl goats of approved breed
(six male and six female) and three pairs of Cashmere shawls.
This Treaty of ten articles has been this day
settled by Frederick Currie, Esq. and Brever-Major Henry Montgomery Lawrence,
acting under directions of the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, Governor-General,
on the part of the British Government and by Maharajah Gulab Singh in person,
and the said Treaty has been this day ratified by the seal of the Rt. Hon.
Sir Henry Hardinge, Governor-General. (Done at Amritsar the sixteenth day
of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-six,
corresponding with the seventeenth day of Rubee-ul-Awal (1262 Hijree).
(Signed) H. Hardinge (Seal)
(Signed) F. Currie
(Signed) H.M. Lawrence